Loyal Guard of the Silk Road: Burana Tower
Kara-Khanid Khanate, the first state that converted to Islam, was a large state composed of Turkish tribes that moved from nomadic life to settled life. Around the Chu River, which takes its source from the Tian Shan and stretches out into the desert, was a basin where the Turks have lived since ancient times. The capital Balasagun was founded in this basin by the Karahanid State in the late 9th century and was located on the Silk Road. It was a city where the important studies of culture, art, science, mathematics, astronomy, and philosophy were carried out.
Burana tower; is located in the Chu valley in the former capital Balasagun, where is 84 km east of Bishkek, the capital city of Kyrgyzstan. The Burana Tower on the Silk Road was used both as a minaret and as a watchtower during the Karahanlılar period.
The Burana Tower is actually a minaret of a mosque built in the 11th century. The minaret, originally 45 meters long, was damaged by earthquakes and was restored to its original state. The Burana Tower, 25 meters high from the tombs of Kyrgyzstan, is made of 25x25x5 cm adobe bricks. The exterior walls are built with relief motif bricks. To go up the tower, firstly, you pass through the metal stairs and reach the small entrance gate. From here you can reach the end of the tower with the stairs which only one person can go up and land. From the entrance, the brick-ladder, which are winding upwards, and the two windows illuminate the environment. When you reach the summit, you will see a great view. There is an unknown tomb in the Burana Tower between the winding stairs and it is known. In addition, all the historical remnants and handworks in the environment are stored in the tower.