Aral Lake dried up completely
The Aral Sea was once the 4th-largest lake in the World but now 90 percent of Aral Lake completely dried out.
During the Soviet Union, Russia planned to make Central Asia the world's largest producer. With this policy, the Syr-darya and Amu-darya rivers flowing into Lake Aral, both were diverted by the Soviet Union in the 1950s. In this respect, irrigation system has been created for cotton fields in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. As a result of this policy, Uzbekistan became the world's largest producer of cotton in the 1980s.
From this date, the Aral Lake began to dry up rapidly with the addition of rainfall insufficiency.
The fall of Aral's water level also affected the region's climate. The summers have become warmer now and some of the plants that used to grow in the region do not grow anymore.
On the dry surface of Aral Lake, 5 million hectares of Aralkum Desert was formed. The Aralkum Desert affects the climate of the region and the living conditions of the people negatively.
It took only 40 years for Aral Lake to dry up. There are now rusted ship remains in place where boats used to float once. In the past, Aral Lake, which used to cover an area of 68 thousand kilometers, was reduced by ninety percent to 150 km and only 10 percent remained.
At the present time, Lake looks like a ship graveyard
Soils with a high salt content caused by the drying of the lake poses a threat to people living in the area. Together with increasing air pollution, rates of cancer, anemia, kidney disease and respiratory illnesses have risen among people living in Aral area.
Unfortunately, we destroyed one of the biggest lakes in the world, Aral, with our own hands.