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Marie Curie and Discovery of Radium

Marie Curie was the first woman in Europe to receive two Nobel Prize in Chemistry and in Physics.

Marie Curie and Discovery of Radium


Marie who was born on November 7, 1867 in Poland, had to study abroad due to the education system of her country.

She started training in 1891, she received a physics diploma being top of the class in a year and a half later. The story of success began after that. Three years later she took her second degree in mathematics. Later, after receiving her teaching diploma, Maire started to research on the rays of radioactivity.

In July of the year, Curie discovered a new radioactive element, the polonium from the radioactive decay of uranium and radium. In 1904, she became the first woman to receive a Ph.D. The same year she was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics for her research in the field of radioactivity.

Marie Curie and Discovery of Radium


The Polonium symbol Po is the first radioactive element, which has an atomic number of 84, an atomic weight of 210, transforming into lead by emitting alpha particles within a period of approximately 140 days. The most dangerous type of radiation, alpha radiates radioactivity.

As the result of the discovery and research of radium and polonium, Marie Curie became the only woman in history to have two Nobel Prizes, receiving the Nobel Prize for Chemistry. Today, Marie is the only woman who still holds these two honors.

Marie passed away because of blood cancer due to the extreme radiation, but she is still remembered often because of her great contributions to science. Sometimes, the radioactivity unit is called "Curie."

The graves of Marie and her husband, with whom she made the vast majority of her research, was moved to the Pantheon memorial tomb in France.