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Sakha (Yakut) Turks and life in Yakutia

Turks Yakutia and Sakha

Yakutia, also known as the Republic of Sakha, is one of the federal republics of Russia. Yakutia occupies about one fifth of the territory of Russia and the majority of the population is Yakut Turks. The capital of this Turkish autonomous republic is Yakutsk

Sakha (Yakut) Turks and life in Yakutia


Economy of Yakutia

Yakutia is rich in underground precious metals such as diamond, gold, silver and copper. They are the country's most important exports. Among the main means of living for residents of Yakutia is fishing and hunting of fur animals. Squirrels, Arctic foxes, sable and rare species of fish occupy an important place in the country's economy.

Sakha (Yakut) Turks and life in Yakutia


Language of Yakutia

Yakut Turkish is the second language used as official after Russian,. Some of the proverbs used in Yakut, which resemble the Anatolian Turkish language, are almost identical to the Turkish proverbs. The best example of such a similarity can be shown in the proverb “Balyk Bashtan Kokar”. This proverb, used in the same sense in the Turkish case, is called "beat balyk bakyttan sytyar", which in translation means "The fish smells from his head." In addition, the numbers are almost the same.

Sakha (Yakut) Turks and life in Yakutia


The best lesson in Yakutia, where there are many rivers and lakes, is to ride on a frozen lake on a sleigh with reindeer. There are many mammoth and dinosaur fossils in Yakutia. The most important symbol of the country is an extinct mammoth. The world's only museum of mammoths, located in the heads of mammoths, was hidden in the capital Yakutsk for thousands of years.

Winter in Yakutia

The Nena River, which has a wide range of kilometers, despite the fact that it completely freezes in winter, and its cold in spring weather. Polar bears can be seen in natural conditions in the arctic regions, although there is a small area for hunting in the south of the country.

Sakha (Yakut) Turks and life in Yakutia


In Yakutia, in addition to heavy industry, fur processing developed. All clothes are made of wool or mohair from underwear. If you go out without a fur coat, it will be a miracle if you don’t freeze. Unable to meet a street animal. On the streets can walk only dogs with thick hair.

Sakha (Yakut) Turks and life in Yakutia


The sculptures on the streets and squares are made of ice, because they cannot melt. In each district, gas is distributed to residential buildings in the presence of pipes with hot water from the centers where natural gas is burned. The average monthly cost of heating a house is about 180 lira.

The population of Yakutsk is about 500 people, and the temperature drops to -75 degrees. Although most scholars say that people should not live in these conditions, the natives were born here, saying that we will die here and never want to leave our lands.

Sakha (Yakut) Turks and life in Yakutia


The same attachment to the native land as in the Turkish people can be clearly seen in the local Yakutia. Even negative climatic conditions that threaten life cannot distinguish them from the land, where they were born and where their ancestors lived. Adapting to all conditions, they live in their homeland, where they belong.