Turkish traditions that remained unchanged from Shamanism
Shamanism is one of the earliest forms of belief surrounded by shamans who have the power treating patients, maintaining beneficial effects of good spirits, and preventing harmful effects of evil spirits by entering a hypnotic state and communicating between god and people. It includes the worship of ancestral spirits and nature elements. Central Asia Shamanism is based on The Sky God, the sun, the earth, the water, the fire, and the cult of the ancestors. The effects of shamanism, which affects many regions, are undoubtedly also seen in Anatolia. The most familiar example that can be given to applications that reached to today; to tie a cloth to trees, stones, or around water sources. Nowadays, people, who make a wish, still tie a fabric to the tombs, and trees which is a tradition that exists with the influence of Shamanism.
"Lead-pouring” also comes from Shamanism. This tradition, called "Kut Kuyma", is a kind of magic-based prayer for bringing back the "happiness and fortune" that one of the evil spirits has stolen.
There is also “tree cult” in some regions of Anatolia, as it is in Shamanist Yakuts and Altay. Women who have not got a child cross under a tree and request for children by praying is an example of this.
The belief that there is a bad soul called “Al karısı” is also common. “Al karısı” or “albastı” belief is in all Muslim Turks. As it is thought that puerpera woman and newborn baby may have been infested, a red ribbon is attached to the hair of the woman, or a safety pin is attached to the pillow.
The belief element "nazar bead, camel bead, or eye bead", is also common, and used because it is believed that it will prevent the bad effects on the person due to extraordinary properties given to some people. The evil eye is also one of the oldest Turkish beliefs.
Pouring water after the back of the outgoing guest can also be illustrated as an example of the “water cult” in Shamanism.
When an unintended event is heard, to beat the wall three times or to hit to a stiff item is also a tradition of Shamanism to be safe from harms and to prevent hearing of the evil spirits.
According to Shamanism, the dog finds out that the soul is coming near, and then begins to howl in a painful way. Today in Anatolia, howling is considered as bad luck.
Drums and kopuz are used in Shaman rituals and there is no ritual without music. The worship performed in the Anatolian Aleppoi can not be considered without music. Shamanism impact is also seen here.